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What Are Common Dental Problems & How To Cure Them?

What Are Common Dental Problems & How To Cure Them?

dental care

Dental problems are common and can impact your dental health. What are some common dental problems, and how can they be treated?

The health of your teeth is essential for more than just aesthetic reasons. Dental issues can range from minor to severe, causing debilitating pain and an increased risk of further dental problems such as decay, gingivitis, and periodontal disease. Knowing these dental problems, their symptoms, and treatment options will help you better understand why diligent oral hygiene is essential.

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay, also known as dental cavities, is a common problem. It occurs when plaque builds up on the teeth from bacteria and acid. This eventually causes tooth enamel erosion, creating holes in the teeth. Symptoms of tooth decay can include:

  • Toothache.
  • Pain when consuming hot/cold foods or drinks.
  • Sensitivity to sweet food and beverages.


  • Causes of Tooth Decay

The leading cause of tooth decay is poor oral hygiene habits such as not brushing regularly or adequately, not flossing daily, eating sugary snacks and drinks often, smoking cigarettes, and drinking alcohol excessively.

  • Diagnosis & Treatment

Your dentist will examine your hand teeth for visible holes, sensitivity, discoloration, and take images of the affected area. Treatment depends on the extent of decay. A dental filling may be sufficient in mild cases, but more severe cases may require dental crowns or root canals. Additionally, dental professionals may recommend dental sealants to prevent cavities and fluoride treatments.

  • Prevention & Self-Care

Preventing tooth decay is possible by practicing proper oral hygiene, such as brushing twice daily with fluoride toothpaste and flossing once daily. Limiting sugary snacks and drinks and avoiding smoking cigarettes can also help reduce the risk of dental decay. Additionally, regular dental visits and cleanings are essential for maintaining dental health.

Gum Disease

Gum disease/periodontal disease is an infection of the gums caused by a buildup of plaque and tartar. Symptoms can include swollen or receding gums, bleeding gums after brushing or flossing, and loose teeth.

  • Causes & Risk Factors

The leading cause of gum disease is poor oral hygiene habits, smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol excessively, and certain hormonal factors like pregnancy and menopause. However, age also increases the risk factor for gum disease as older people are more likely to contract it due to weakened immunity from age-related conditions.

  • Diagnosis & Treatment

To diagnose gum disease, dental professionals will perform a physical examination of the gums and take X-rays or dental imaging. Treatment options vary depending on the stage of infection. Dental cleaning may be sufficient, but more severe cases may require periodontal surgery or dental implants. Additionally, dental professionals may prescribe antibiotics to clear up any existing infections and encourage good oral hygiene habits.

  • Prevention & Self-Care

Preventing gum disease is possible by maintaining proper oral hygiene, such as brushing twice daily with fluoride toothpaste and flossing once daily. Limiting sugary snacks and drinks and avoiding smoking cigarettes can also help reduce the risk of dental decay. Additionally, regular dental visits and cleanings are essential for maintaining dental health.

Teeth Grinding & Clenching

Teeth grinding and clenching, also known as bruxism, is a dental problem characterized by teeth grinding or clenching during sleep or under stress. It is common in children and adults with symptoms including headaches, earaches, jaw pain, facial soreness, and damage to the teeth due to abrasion from the grinding/clenching.

  • Causes & Risk Factors

The cause of teeth grinding and clenching is unknown, but it is believed to be related to stress, anxiety, and specific dental issues such as misaligned or crooked teeth. Additionally, sleep disorders like sleep apnea may also contribute to bruxism.

  • Diagnosis & Treatment

To diagnose bruxism, dental professionals will examine the teeth for signs of wear and tear and listen for any grinding/clenching sounds during sleep. Treatment options differ depending on the severity of the condition. Still, they can include lifestyle changes such as reducing stress levels and avoiding foods that promote clenching or grinding. In more severe cases, dental professionals may prescribe an oral tool such as a mouth guard to protect the teeth from further damage.

  • Prevention & Self-Care

Preventing teeth grinding and clenching is possible by reducing stress levels and avoiding foods or drinks that may trigger the habit. Additionally, dental professionals recommend regular dental appointments to check for early signs of damage caused by bruxism.

Dental problems such as tooth decay, periodontal disease, and bruxism can be prevented or treated with proper dental care and oral hygiene. Regular dental visits are essential for diagnosing these issues early on and preventing them from progressing into more severe conditions. Following this advice, you can maintain healthy teeth and gums for life!


1.What causes dental decay?

The leading cause of dental decay is poor oral hygiene, meaning not brushing and flossing regularly. Eating sugary snacks or drinks can also increase the risk of dental decay, creating an ideal environment for bacterial growth in the mouth.

2. What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is an infection of the tissues surrounding and supporting your teeth. It is caused by a buildup of plaque on the teeth, which irritates the gums and causes inflammation, resulting in redness and swelling.

3. How can I prevent bruxism?

Reducing stress levels is essential for preventing bruxism, as it is believed to be related to anxiety and other dental issues. Additionally, avoiding foods or drinks that may trigger the habit can also be helpful.

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Can Invisalign Clear Aligner Fix My Overbite Issue?

Did you know that overbites make up almost 75 percent of dental diseases? There are several remedies available for this orthodontic situation, but one of the best & surprising options is clear aligners. Merrick orthodontists are often asked, “can you fix an overbite with Invisalign?” Invisalign is a new tooth straightening alternative and many patients with crooked teeth & bite issues are interested to know more about how it works.

Overbites Cause Many Problems

Once a buck teeth forms, it can result in several physical issues. Some of the main physical problems that overbites have the potential to cause are:

  • Issues with eating & chewing
  • speech restrictions like lisps
  • jaw pain from strained muscles and jaws.

How To Fix An Overbite Using Clear Aligners?

Clear aligners have quickly become a widespread option for multiple orthodontic treatments, including restoring underbites and overbites. The technique effectively straightens your teeth without the requirement for brackets and wires. In the case of Invisalign clear aligners, you receive a series of clear, custom-made, and removable trays. The trays are made from high-quality clear plastic, meaning they are more discrete than other popular teeth straightening options.

The Invisalign system converges the century-old science of orthodontics with highly advanced 3D graphics and technology. The aligners get designed to slowly shift your teeth in a small amount to a straighter final position. Each aligner is specifically designed and fabricated to fit your teeth at every phase of your treatment. The series of trays each place pressure on the teeth to move them toward a new position.

If your Merrick orthodontist decides that you are a good candidate for Invisalign treatment, x-rays will be taken along with 3D dental impressions. The custom-made aligners trays and treatment plan will be digitally designed to suit your case.

After every two weeks or six, you will switch your current tray with the next tray in the sequence, hence moving your teeth towards the desired position. Over time, your overbite will decrease and you can look forward to a healthier, straighter smile.

The Benefits of Clear Aligner Treatment

Compared to traditional metal braces, fixing buck teeth with clear aligners is far more discrete. Also, with aligners, you follow the easiest dental hygiene routine as you remove them to brush and floss, rather than navigate the metal brackets. Best of all, the patient can remove the trays for up to 2 hours per day, so eating and drinking don’t demand the same level of care or limitations as braces.

How Long Does It Take to Fix an Overbite?

While each case is different, it can be hard to forecast just how long it can take for clear aligners to correct an overbite. However, the average treatment time is somewhere around 6 to 20 months.

Overbite Treatment In Merrick

If you also want a healthy smile & want to get rid of your overbite issue then it is time to meet our orthodontist in Merrick today for a consultation. Contact the best Invisalign provider & schedule the appointment today.

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Are Aligners Right for Me?

Are Aligners Right for You?

When you’re considering orthodontic treatment, there are several options available. Aligners are a popular alternative to braces. Each option has its own pros and cons. Here’s how to answer the question: “Are aligners right for me?”

What are Aligners?

Aligners, such as Invisalign brand aligners, are an option that is a lot newer than traditional metal braces, but they’ve still been around for over 20 years. Orthodontic aligners are made of a thin, clear, BPA-free plastic that is practically invisible.

The aligners work by fitting snugly on your teeth to help guide them into better alignment. During the course of your treatment, you’ll receive multiple aligners that are progressively straighter, to help guide your teeth each step of the way.

How are Aligners Different from Braces?

Aligners are different from braces in a lot of ways. Unlike braces that are fixed to your teeth with a special dental cement or glue, orthodontic aligners are removable for when you eat or brush and floss your teeth. Aligners can also be more comfortable than traditional braces because there are no brackets or wires.

All of these differences can add up, which is why aligners have become such a popular treatment option for many patients. But if you’re wondering, “Are aligners right for me?” there are also a few downsides. Aligners may not be able to treat all of the conditions that traditional braces can treat.

The removability of orthodontic aligners can also become a problem for patients who may be prone to forgetting to wear them for the necessary amount of time each day or who might misplace and lose them, leading to delays and extra costs during treatment.

Which Option is Right for You?

The best way to find out the answer to the question: “Are aligners right for me?” is by visiting an orthodontist for a consultation and exam. This will give you the opportunity to talk with your orthodontist about your goals, lifestyle, desired timeline, and budget so that they can help you find the best fit for you.

Call our Jericho, Merrick or Maspeth dental offices to make an appointment with a dentist who may be able to help you find out more about this topic, and improve your oral health.

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How Long Do Braces Take?

How Long Do Braces Take?

Getting orthodontic treatment can feel like a big commitment. One of the most popular questions we get asked is: How long do braces take? Many factors determine the length of treatment. Here’s how to find out how long you’ll need braces for so you can know what to expect.

What Conditions Are Being Treated?

Some patients get braces to help align just a few front teeth that are crooked or spaced too far apart. Others obtain orthodontic treatment because of issues like an overbite, underbite, crossbite, or for teeth that are more severely out of alignment. The complexity of the issues you want corrected can determine the length of your treatment. In general, braces typically take between 16 to 18 months, but can sometimes take 24 months or longer to fully achieve the desired results.
When asking the question, “How long do braces take?” it’s important to remember that your orthodontist sees patients every day with issues just like yours. This extensive experience means that they are an expert in treating each condition in the most efficient and effective way possible.

What Other Factors Are There?

Another factor that can affect the answer to the question, “How long do braces take?” is age. The younger you are when you get braces, the quicker your teeth will adapt and shift into their proper places. This is because young people’s jaws are still growing, so their teeth are naturally moving and finding their proper places. As we get older, our teeth become settled and are less prepared to adjust, so things can be a bit slower to shift. However, adults still obtain great results with braces. It simply takes a little longer.

What About Invisalign?

Invisalign aligners are another orthodontic treatment option that you may consider. Invisalign can shorten treatment times to as little as 6 to 12 months. If you’re wanting to see results sooner, talk to your orthodontist to find out if you are a good candidate for invisalign aligners.

Reasons to Start Now

The best and most accurate way to find out how long you’ll need to wear braces is to have an orthodontist examine your teeth and jaw and recommend which conditions should be treated. It’s important to remember that regardless of how long orthodontic treatment will take for you, the sooner you start, the sooner you’ll be finished! There’s no better time than now to get started towards achieving the smile of your dreams.

Call our Jericho, Merrick or Maspeth dental offices to make an appointment with a dentist who may be able to help you find out more about this topic, and improve your oral health.

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Playing Sports with Braces

Many people worry that when they get braces they won’t be able to do all the activities they normally enjoy, like playing sports. The good news is, it is usually possible to continue doing your favorite activities if you take the right precautions. When playing sports with braces it’s important to protect both your teeth and your braces. Here’s what you can do to stay safe while playing hard.

Wear Your Protective Gear

The number one thing to remember in order to stay safe when playing sports with braces is to wear the right protective gear. The gear you’ll need depends on the sport you’ll be playing and its risk of impact through contact with other players, the ball, or falling. Let’s talk about the different types of protective gear that can help to protect your teeth and braces.


Wearing a helmet is important when playing contact sports or sports with a risk of falling such as skiing, snowboarding, BMX biking, skateboarding, hockey, football, and many others. Wearing a helmet can help to protect you from head injuries, which is also important for your dental health because many head injuries result in injuries to the jaw as well, due to the force of the impact. Make sure the helmet you wear has all the proper safety certifications and is designed specifically for the sport you’re using it for.

Face Shield

Helmets often come with the option of an added protective shield for the face. If given the choice, it is always a good idea to add a face shield. Not only can it protect your teeth and jaw from getting hit by a ball or puck in sports like football or hockey, but it can also help to protect your jaw, teeth, and other facial features from serious injury if a fall occurs during sports like biking, skiing, or snowboarding where speed is a factor.


Mouthguards are not always required for playing sports, even when other protective gear like helmets are, but wearing a mouthguard is important if you want to keep your teeth and braces safe. Mouthguards are especially important when playing sports with braces because they provide a protective barrier directly around your teeth and braces that can protect your mouth and lips from being injured by the wires or brackets of your braces during impact.

Talk with Your Orthodontist

If you enjoy playing sports, it’s a good idea to let your orthodontist know which sports you’ll be playing while you have braces so that they can offer safety recommendations specific to your chosen sport. It’s important to stay safe, but also to continue doing what you love, and your orthodontist is here to help.

Call our Jericho, Merrick or Maspeth dental offices to make an appointment with a dentist who may be able to help you find out more about this topic, and improve your oral health.

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Taking Care of Your Braces While Traveling

Winter vacation is upon us! It’s time for fun with family and friends. Unfortunately, braces don’t take a vacation. Here’s what you need to know about taking care of your braces while traveling to keep your smile healthy so you can focus on the fun.

Packing the Essentials

Taking care of your braces while traveling is a lot easier when you have everything you need. The best way to ensure success is to prepare beforehand. It may be helpful to make a list so that you can check things off as you pack them.

The first things you should pack are your toothbrush and toothpaste. After that, gather everything you typically use to keep your braces in top shape, such as dental picks, floss picks, floss, floss threaders, and mouthwash. You may need to use some of these items in the morning before you leave for your trip so just make sure you write them down on your list if they’ll be staying in your cabinet until you leave.

Finding Braces-Friendly Foods

Eating while on the road or staying in an unfamiliar place can be tough for braces-wearers. It may seem like there are lots of foods to avoid. It may feel a bit more manageable if you keep it simple by remembering the general guidelines. Generally, orthodontists recommend avoiding foods that are sticky, hard, crunchy, chewy, or that you need to bite into.

The great news is, this still leaves you with tons of options! Soft food options that come in travel-ready single-serving containers include yogurts, apple sauce, string cheese, brie cheese, deli meat, bananas, and more. If you’re worried about what may be available on the road, taking care of your braces while traveling can be made simple with a little food prep the night before.

Before You Go

Before you leave for your trip, you can give yourself a head start by scheduling an appointment with your orthodontist. Braces typically need to be adjusted routinely so one of the most important steps to taking care of your braces while traveling is to ensure that you won’t miss any important appointments to keep your orthodontic treatment on track. Having everything planned on schedule will leave you free to enjoy your trip worry-free while ensuring your braces continue to do their job!
Call our Jericho, Merrick or Maspeth dental offices to make an appointment with a dentist who may be able to help you find out more about this topic, and improve your oral health.

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